Mountains, which are symbolized as water towers of the world and hotspots for biological diversity, cover about 25% of the earth’s surface. Mountains provide direct life support to one tenth of world population’s and support the habitats downstream through the ecosystem services. Mountains are one of the sensitive ecosystems, which will and is greatly being impacted by the ongoing phenomenon of climate change.
We are the first generations to face Climate Change, its consequences, observe the serious changes in environment and its climate over years. That makes the generation vulnerable to changes. Most citizens in developed countries are aware with What, How and why these changes are observed while very few have knowledge in developing and least developed country.
Nepal is a small but beautiful landlocked country with an area of 147,181 km2. Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world with a per capita income of $447 per annum. About 80% of the nation’s population lives in rural areas and the country is characterized by small landholdings, rapid population growth and fragile economy resulting in chronic poverty in many regions.
There are several sources of renewable energy as such biomass, hydroelectric power, solar power, geothermal power, wind power and other. The following are largest renewable energy project build so far around the world. They are providing clean and green energy substituting fossil based and helping in environmental conversation and climate change mitigation.
Fossil fuel can be defined in simple words as a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed from the remains of living organisms over millions of years. Because the fossil fuels take a very long time to form, they are considered as non-renewable sources of energy. Coal, oil and natural gas are the three major forms of fossil fuels that are currently the primary sources of energy in the world.
Amongst the gases emitted when fossil fuels are burned, one of the most significant is carbon dioxide, a gas that traps heat in the earth’s atmosphere.