Fossil fuels are formed in millions of years when the prehistoric plants and animals die and are buried by layers of rock. Fossil energy sources like oil, coal and natural gas are non-renewable resources and contains high percentage of carbon. The utilization of fossil fuels has enabled large-scale industrial development. The burning of fossil fuels by humans is the largest source of emissions of carbon dioxide, which is one of the greenhouse gases that allows radioactive forcing and contributes to global warming. With the industrial revolution in the 18th century, the use of fossil fuel has also started to increase with the time adequately as the energy source in the industries. Example- According to the Environmental Protection Agency, in 2010 the burning of fossil fuels was responsible for 79 % of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions alone.
Some of the largest fossil fuel projects in the world are:-
- Big Oilcompanies such as ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Total S.A., Chevron Corporation, ConocoPhillips, and Koch Industries are amongst the largest corporations associated with the fossil fuels
- In 2009, China intended to establish eight to ten large mines with an output of around 50 Million tons
- In Australia, the largest mine listed is Morwell, with 20 million tons per year
- The largest mine in Russia is Arshanovsky pit in the Khakassia Republic, which is expected to have a capacity of 10 million tonnes per year
- Grootegeluk Coal Mine in South Africa produces 18.8 Million tonnes per annum (Mtpa). Matla Coal Mine produces 14 Mtpa
- The Robert W. Scherer Power Plant located in Juliette, Georgia, north of Macon, the $2.1 billion facility has operated since 1982 and consists of four, self-contained 880 megawatt units
- In 2014, petroleum imports for the U.S. were5 million barrels per day
Just 16 of the world’s largest ships produce as much lung-clogging sulphur pollution as all the world’s cars
- Gazprom and Coal India are the top coal producers
- As per 2014, Peabody powder river mining of the US produces 107 Million tonnes per annum
These are very few examples of the fossil fuel industries and emitters in the World. Later or sooner, smaller or greater but the consequences has to be faced by all the countries and by all the corners of the world. The true costs of fossil fuels results in damage to human health, the environment, and the economy. But who is going to answer for all these consequences? At last what we will see is only the blaming games with one another. So, it is the duty of these kind of producers to shift to the renewables, for the betterment of the world.